A new strategy is now needed to bring more men into the early years sector, a study by Lancaster University finds.
The GenderEYE (Gender Diversification in Early Years Education) study, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council, revaled that despite early years education’s continuing status as UK’s least gender-diverse caring profession, the Government and most early years employers have done very little to recruit and retain male staff.
The proportion of male staff in early years education is 4%; in nursing it is 11%, in social work it is 14% and in primary education it is 15%. The UK now needs to undergo a drastic change to improve the diversity across the sector. The strategy could draw on the enormous success of Norway, which has the highest percentage of male early years professionals in the world.
The study reveals that less than a fifth (14%) of early years settings have pursued specific strategies aimed at recruiting men. Researchers found:
- Positive action strategies – like inviting male applicants for interview even if they are not a perfect fit for the job ‘on paper’, specifically inviting men to open days and making clear in adverts that men are welcome to apply – are extremely rare
- Early years education is rarely or never suggested to boys and men by careers advisers or Job Centre staff
- Settings rarely promote vacancies directly to men or inspire potential male recruits.
Such approaches have been found to be successful in other countries – including in Norway, which has the most gender-diverse (9% male) early education workforce in the world. They have also proved successful within local pockets of good practice uncovered in the UK, such as the London Early Years Foundation, whose management have championed male involvement and whose male workforce is well above the national average.
Having gender diversity across the early years workforce will have a lifelong impact in society. Young children will be more likely to grow up making less constrained choices about careers and gender roles in the family.
Strategies they recommend to improve male recruitment and retention include:
- Reaching out to fathers who have spent more time than ever at home looking after their children during the Covid-19 lockdown – and who may now be interested in a career in early years
- Better support for male staff, who are more transient in early years jobs (55% of managers said men stay less time in post than female staff) – and may face objections to their involvement in intimate care (51% of male practitioners said they had contemplated leaving the profession due to concerns around allegations of sexual abuse)
- Gender awareness training for all early years staff, which is currently offered to less than a fifth (16%) of practitioners but could help reduce gender stereotyping within early years teams and in interactions with children.
Principal investigator Professor Jo Warin from Lancaster University’s Department for Education Research, said: ‘At a time when there is so much public attention on gender equality it is extraordinary to see just how intransigent the early years workforce is, based on traditional gender roles which are assumed to be ‘natural’.
‘We need to capitalise on the shift that we have seen in many homes during the pandemic, with men adopting more prominent, care-giving roles. This could open up a window of opportunity – but men need to know that early years education is an option open to them. It is a crucial time to act when so many ‘traditional’ jobs are at risk and career changes are likely.’
Lead researcher Dr Joann Wilkinson, based at the same department, said: ‘Although we found some clear examples of good practice in supporting mixed gender workforces, these were few and far between.’
Co-investigator Dr Jeremy Davies from the Fatherhood Institute – who will lead a training course based on the GenderEYE findings for early years managers in October, added: ‘Very few organisations in the sector are actively and systematically changing the way they do things, in order to pull men in. We’re looking forward to supporting the sector to see that getting this right is important for everyone – for female staff, and the children we look after, as well as for men themselves.’